Centos7双网卡绑定

(一)简述
1.双网卡绑定技术在centos7中使用了teaming技术,而在rhel6/centos7中使用的是bonding技术,
centos7中双网卡绑定既能使用teaming也可以使用bonding,这里推荐使用teaming技术,方便与查看和监控。

  1. 原理
    这里介绍两种最常见的双网卡绑定模式:
    (1) roundrobin - 轮询模式
    所有链路处于负载均衡状态,这种模式的特点增加了带宽,同时支持容错能力。
    (2) activebackup - 主备模式
    一个网卡处于活动状态,另一个处于备份状态,所有流量都在主链路上处理,当活动网卡down掉时,启用备份网卡。
    3.查看服务器的相关信息:
  2. [root@localhost ~]# nmcli dev
  3. DEVICE  TYPE      STATE        CONNECTION 
  4. em1     ethernet  connected   --
  5. em2     ethernet  connected    --   
  6. em3     ethernet  unavailable  --         
  7. em4     ethernet  unavailable  --         
  8. lo      loopback  unmanaged    --                  
  9. [root@localhost ~]# ip a          
  10. 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1
  11. link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
  12. inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
  13.    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  14. inet6 ::1/128 scope host
  15.    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  16. 2: em1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq master team0 state UP qlen 1000
  17. link/ether 36:3c:c4:19:d0:ef brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  18. 3: em2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq master team0 state UP qlen 1000
  19. link/ether 36:3c:c4:19:d0:ef brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  20. 4: em3: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN qlen 1000
  21. link/ether 24:6e:96:a2:dd:ae brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  22. 5: em4: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN qlen 1000
  23. link/ether 24:6e:96:a2:dd:af brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  24. 18: team0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP qlen 1000
  25. link/ether 36:3c:c4:19:d0:ef brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  26. inet 10.128.105.156/24 brd 10.128.105.255 scope global team0
  27.    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  28. inet6 fe80::718:e575:f031:47d4/64 scope link

   valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

###########其中state UP 为网卡有网线或启用的网口,有上边的参数可知,em1em2有网线接口,其他的网口没有。lo为本地回环网卡

(二)Roundrobin(轮询)安装步骤
1,查看网卡的连接信息:nmcli con sh

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE 

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em3          56ef9d05-3a5d-4cd6-af5b-3d39adce619f  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  -- 

2,删除无用的网卡:nmcli con del em3

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con del em3

Connection 'em3' (56ef9d05-3a5d-4cd6-af5b-3d39adce619f) successfully deleted.

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE 

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  -- 

3# 使用nmcli命令操作,创建team接口team0,同时设置teaming模式为roundrobin

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name": "roundrobin"}}'

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE

team0        5a1976d7-2c91-456e-8dda-0b12c6ef0c04  team            team0 

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  --

4,给接口team0设置ip地址和网关,并取消手动模式:

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.address '10.128.105.157/24' ipv4.gateway '10.128.105.254'

###设置为手动模式,取消DHCP

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.method manual

5,使用ifup team0 启用team0网卡,然后重启网络服务。

[root@localhost ~]# ifup team0

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/network restart

Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  OK  ]

[root@localhost ~]# ip a |grep team0

2: em1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq master team0 state UP qlen 1000

10: team0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP qlen 1000

    inet 10.128.105.157/24 brd 10.128.105.255 scope global team0

6,再次将两张物理网卡添加到team

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port2 ifname em1 master team0

Connection 'team0-port2' (e01c37f5-b3a1-4e6d-96ab-a6e676ad3c32) successfully added.

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port2 ifname em2 master team0

Connection 'team0-port2' (8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf) successfully added.

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE

team0        64b123d5-189d-43b0-a850-77d47c0da86c  team            team0 

team0-port1  24181898-bffe-4ae1-90e8-f47da64b5512  802-3-ethernet  em1   

team0-port2  8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf  802-3-ethernet  em2   

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  -- 

7,现在查看team0的状态模式是否是roundrobinteamdctl team0 st

[root@localhost ~]# teamdctl team0 st

setup:

  runner: roundrobin

ports:

  em1

    link watches:

      link summary: up

      instance[link_watch_0]:

        name: ethtool

        link: up

        down count: 0

  em2

    link watches:

      link summary: up

      instance[link_watch_0]:

        name: ethtool

        link: up

        down count: 0

这样,team模式的roundrobin搭建成功。

8,测试是否正常工作
8.1,首先把em1网卡禁用,用其他的服务器ping看是否断。

[root@localhost etc]# ifdown em1

Device 'em1' successfully disconnected.

[root@localhost etc]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE

team0        64b123d5-189d-43b0-a850-77d47c0da86c  team            team0 

team0-port2  8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf  802-3-ethernet  em2    

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  --    

team0-port1  24181898-bffe-4ae1-90e8-f47da64b5512  802-3-ethernet  --

[root@localhost ~]# teamdctl team0 st

setup:

  runner: roundrobin

ports:

  em2

    link watches:

      link summary: up

      instance[link_watch_0]:

        name: ethtool

        link: up

        down count: 0



从上图看出实在正常的。

8.2,把网卡em1启用,em2禁用查看下下

[root@localhost etc]# ifup em1

[root@localhost etc]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE

team0        64b123d5-189d-43b0-a850-77d47c0da86c  team            team0 

team0-port1  24181898-bffe-4ae1-90e8-f47da64b5512  802-3-ethernet  em1   

team0-port2  8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf  802-3-ethernet  em2   

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  --    

[root@localhost etc]# ifdown em2

Device 'em2' successfully disconnected.

[root@localhost etc]# nmcli con sh

NAME         UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE

team0        64b123d5-189d-43b0-a850-77d47c0da86c  team            team0 

team0-port1  24181898-bffe-4ae1-90e8-f47da64b5512  802-3-ethernet  em1   

em1          4c8a8aee-327b-4f29-9ec4-ea2b2551420b  802-3-ethernet  --    

em2          62bde3ef-9f40-42aa-9b3a-4fe8b1aabf42  802-3-ethernet  --    

em4          761f7809-d10c-4e3b-bc06-c0906ca55d1c  802-3-ethernet  --    

team0-port2  8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf  802-3-ethernet  --   

网卡流量em2没变,而em1变化了。

(三)双网卡绑定activebackup的实现
具体的大概步骤和上边差不多,省略如下:
(首先删除刚才绑定的网卡模式轮询:nmcli con del team0 team0-port1 team0-port2

1 添加逻辑网卡team0,并启用activebackup模式
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name":"activebackup"}}'

2 绑定ip

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.address 10.128.105.157/24  ipv4.gateway 10.128.105.254

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.method manual

3 添加物理网卡到activebackup模式

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port1 ifname em1 master team0

Connection 'team0-port1' (24181898-bffe-4ae1-90e8-f47da64b5512) successfully added.

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port2 ifname em2 master team0

Connection 'team0-port2' (8b13a9de-d64c-44fc-a86d-ea45d2f511cf) successfully added.

4,查看状态

[root@localhost ~]# teamdctl team0 st

setup:

 runner: activebackup

ports:

 em1

  link watches:

   link summary: up

   instance[link_watch_0]:

    name: ethtool

    link: up

    down count: 0

 em2

  link watches:

   link summary: up

   instance[link_watch_0]:

    name: ethtool

    link: up

    down count: 0

runner:

 active port: em1

成功,处于活动中的网卡为 eno33554984

备注:注意 在做网卡绑定的时候,如果发现物理网卡总是无法绑定到team0,请检查该物理网卡是否处于up状态。还有就是主备模式在切换的过程中会有间隔,会丢几个包。

重要:命令简述
二,双网卡绑定round_bin 双网卡轮询
1.# 查看物理网卡信息
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli dev

  1. 查看网卡连接信息

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh
3.#
首先,删除两个无用的有线连接
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con del

  1. 最后,查看下

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con sh

5.# 使用nmcli命令操作,创建team接口team0,同时设置teaming模式为roundrobin
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name": "roundrobin"}}'

  1. 给接口team0设置ip地址

[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.address '10.0.0.2/24' ipv4.gateway '10.0.0.1'
#######
设置为手动模式,取消DHCP
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.method manual

  1. 使用ifup 启动team0并没有成功,继续排查

[root@localhost ~]# ifup team0 (关闭网卡em1命令:ifdown em1 )
[root@localhost ~]# ip a | grep team0
8 #
再次将两张物理网卡添加到team
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port1 ifname em1 master team0
Connection 'team0-port1' (0331ea43-95c0-4106-b388-8484d4c3940d) successfully added.
[root@localhost ~]# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port2 ifname em2 master team0

9# 现在查看team0的状态就出现了,模式是:roundrobin
[root@localhost ~]# teamdctl team0 st

 

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